Project > Research Areas > Area 1

The Area Work Packages

Work package 101: Welfare State and Globalisation

Work package 102: Welfare State, New Technologies and Post-Industrialisation

Work package 103: Welfare State and Demographic Change

Work package 104: Welfare State Reforms: Social Acceptance and Political Implementation

Work package 105: Lessons from Central and Eastern European Countries: Transformation of Socio-economic Institutions


Policy Briefs

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Peter Huber and Anna Raggl, Reaping the benefits of migration in an ageing Europe, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 7, March 2015

Zareh Asatryan, Sebastian Braun, Holger Görg, Friedrich Heinemann, Hassan Molana and Catia Montagna, Compensating the losers of globalisation, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 4, August 2014

Hans Pitlik, Friedrich Heinemann and Rainer Schweickert, Overcoming reform resistance and political implementation of large-scale welfare state reforms, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 3, April 2014


Most recent publications

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Peter Huber and Anna Raggl, Reaping the benefits of migration in an ageing Europe, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 7, March 2015

Thomas Leoni, Welfare state adjustment to new social risks in the post-crisis scenario. A review with focus on the social investment perspective, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 89, March 2015

Peter Huber and Doris A. Oberdabernig, The impact of welfare benefits on natives' and immigrants' attitudes towards immigration, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 82, February 2015

Wilfried Altzinger, Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Petra Sauer, Alyssa Schneebaum and Bernhard Rumplmaier, Education and social mobility in Europe: Levelling the playing field for Europe's children and fueling its economy, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 80, January 2015

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Peter Huber, Doris A. Oberdabernig and Anna Raggl, Migration in an ageing Europe: What are the challenges? WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 79, January 2015

Klaus Nowotny, Institutions and the location decisions of highly skilled migrants to Europe, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 78, January 2015

Peter Huber, What institutions help immigrants integrate? WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 77, January 2015

Ágota Scharle, Balázs Váradi and Flóra Samu,  Policy convergence across welfare regimes: The case of disability policies, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 76, January 2015

Area 1 - Challenges for the European Welfare State

Social welfare issues are currently the largest public expenditure category in the European Union countries. Government spending on education, health and social protection amounts on average to almost 30% of GDP in EU-27 (2010). Area 1 explores the influence of globalisation, ageing, migration, new technologies, and post-industrialisation on Welfare State structures.

All these factors have considerable impact on labour markets, generate new and amplify old social risks, and – hand in hand with fiscal sustainability requirements – generate pressures to adapt social security systems. Three work packages concentrate aim at deriving key policy elements for modernisation, and two work packages deal with the political and economic barriers and drivers of reforms of Welfare State structures.


Aim

The central objective of Area 1 is to provide a framework for the modernisation of the European welfare state model(s) to better cope with these challenges, specifically under the significant fiscal constraints.

Research is shaped by scholarly interest as well as led by the intention to provide a guideline for future economic and welfare state policy.

• From a more academic perspective we expect a better understanding of the impact of (mostly externally driven) socio-economic developments on income distribution, economic growth, labour utilisation and individual welfare, and an increased knowledge on the interactions of political, institutional and socio-economic factors which drive the implementation of welfare state reforms.

• In a more political perspective we expect a set of policy recommendations aimed at the modernisation of existing welfare states, leading to an improved adaptability of welfare state structures to a rapidly changing external environment and the needs of socio-ecological transition, as well as policy-relevant information on how to manage institutional transitions.

The Area 1 Work Packages in Detail

Work package 101 is concerned with the design of optimal labour market policies in the context of trade liberalisation and exogenous shocks, based on an analysis of transitional dynamic effects on job creation, selection, employment, wages and wage inequality.

Work package 102 explores the impact of post-industrialisation on the emergence of new social risks from a life cycle perspective, and deals with the adoption of Welfare State institutions for activation and employability. Demographic projections suggest that European societies in the future will be faced with rapidly ageing, declining populations or increased immigration and ethnic diversity.

Work package 103 develops new methods of population projection, and is concerned with the impact of policies on structure and extent of migration. We analyse consequences and possible policy responses to education inequality and (a lack of) intergenerational social mobility, and analyse the impact of population ageing on social transfer systems by age-groups.

Reform requirements may be quite substantial. Work package 104 investigates the social and political acceptance of Welfare State change from a political economy point of view. We deal with behavioural economic approaches and the interrelation of formal and informal institutions and politics for explaining reforms of and attitudes towards Welfare States.

Work package 105 explores the institutional development of Welfare State models in Europe (convergence vs. divergence) and the process of a large-scale institutional transformation of socio-economic institutions over the past 20 years, with a special focus on Central and Eastern European countries.


Publications

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Peter Huber and Anna Raggl, Reaping the benefits of migration in an ageing Europe, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 7, March 2015

Thomas Leoni, Welfare state adjustment to new social risks in the post-crisis scenario. A review with focus on the social investment perspective, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 89, March 2015

Peter Huber and Doris A. Oberdabernig, The impact of welfare benefits on natives' and immigrants' attitudes towards immigration, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 82, February 2015

Wilfried Altzinger, Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Petra Sauer, Alyssa Schneebaum and Bernhard Rumplmaier, Education and social mobility in Europe: Levelling the playing field for Europe's children and fueling its economy, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 80, January 2015

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Peter Huber, Doris A. Oberdabernig and Anna Raggl, Migration in an ageing Europe: What are the challenges? WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 79, January 2015

Klaus Nowotny, Institutions and the location decisions of highly skilled migrants to Europe, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 78, January 2015

Peter Huber, What institutions help immigrants integrate? WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 77, January 2015

Ágota Scharle, Balázs Váradi and Flóra Samu,  Policy convergence across welfare regimes: The case of disability policies, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 76, January 2015

Esther Ademmer, Joscha Beckmann and Rainer Schweickert, Large-scale transformations of socio-economic institutions, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 75, December 2014

Elke Loichinger, Bernhard Hammer, Alexia Prskawetz, Michael Freiberger and Jose Sambt, Economic dependency rations: Present situation and future scenarios, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 74, December 2014

Zareh Asatryan, Sebastian Braun, Holger Görg, Friedrich Heinemann, Hassan Molana and Catia Montagna, Compensating the losers of globalisation, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 4, August 2014

Zareh Asatryan, Sebastian Braun, Wolfgang Lechthaler, Mariya Mileva and Catia Montagna, Compensating the losers of free trade, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 63, June 2014

Wolfgang Lechthaler and Mariya Mileva, Smoothing the adjustment to trade liberalisation, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 61, May 2014

Hans Pitlik, Friedrich Heinemann and Rainer Schweickert, Overcoming reform resistance and political implementation of large-scale welfare state reforms, WWWforEurope Policy Brief No. 3, April 2014

Yu-Fu Chen, Holger Görg, Dennis Görlich, Hassan Molana, Catia Montagna and Yama Temouri, Globalisation and the future of the welfare state, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 54, February 2014

Mariya Mileva, Sebastian Braun & Wolfgang Lechthaler, The Effects of Globalization on Wage Inequality: New Insights from a Dynamic Trade Model with Heterogeneous Firms, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 49, December 2013

Peter Huber, Thomas Leoni & Hans Pitlik, Reforming Welfare States, WWWforEurope Deliverable No. 1, September 2013

Ágota Scharle & Balázs Váradi, Identifying Barriers to Institutional Change in Disability Services, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 41, September 2013

Hans Pitlik & Ludek Kouba, The Interrelation of Informal Institutions and Governance Quality in Shaping Welfare State Attitudes, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 38, August 2013

Hannes Andréasson, Niklas Elert & Nils Karlson, Does Social Cohesion Really Promote Reforms?, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 33, July 2013

Thomas Leoni & Rainer Eppel, Women’s Work and Family Profiles over the Lifecourse and their Subsequent Health Outcomes. Evidence for Europe, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 28, July 2013

Peter Huber & Doris A. Oberdabernig, Does Migration Threaten the Sustainability of European Welfare States?, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 21, July 2013

Friedrich Heinemann & Theocharis Grigoriadis, Origins of Reform Resistance and the Southern European Regime, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 20, July 2013

Miklós Szanyi, Large-Scale Transformation of Socio-Economic Institutions – Comparative Case Studies on CEECs. Background Paper 3: Varieties of Capitalism and CEECs, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 19, July 2013

Ágnes Orosz, Large-Scale Transformation of Socio-Economic Institutions – Comparative Case Studies on CEECs. Background Paper 2: Comparative Country Study – Hungary, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 18, July 2013

Ivana Sikulová & Karol Frank, Large-Scale Transformation of Socio-Economic Institutions – Comparative Case Studies on CEECs. Background Paper 1: Comparative Country Study – Slovakia, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 17, July 2013

Rainer Schweickert, Markus Ahlborn, Karol Frank, Ágnes Orosz, Ivana Sikulová & Miklós Szanyi, Large-Scale Transformation of Socio-Economic Institutions – Comparative Case Studies on CEECs. Interim Report, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 16, July 2013

Bernhard Hammer, Alexia Prskawetz & Inga Freund, Reallocation of Resources Across Age in a Comparative European Setting, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 13, July 2013

Wolfgang Lechthaler & Mariya Mileva, Two-Country Dynamic Model of Trade with Heterogeneous Firms and Comparative Advantage, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 12, July 2013

Daniel Kopasker, Holger Görg, Hassan Molana & Catia Montagna, Negative Shocks, Job Creation, and Selection, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 11, July 2013

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Samir K.C. & Petra Sauer, Age-Specific Education Inequality, Education Mobility and Income Growth, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 6, June 2013

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Mathias Moser & Anna Raggl, On the Determinants of Global Bilateral Migration Flows, WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 5, June 2013